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A Microlongitudinal Study of the Linkages Among Personality Traits, Self-Regulation, and Stress in Older Adults

TitleA Microlongitudinal Study of the Linkages Among Personality Traits, Self-Regulation, and Stress in Older Adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsHooker, K., S. Choun, S. Mejía, T. Pham, and R. A. Metoyer
JournalResearch in Human Development
Volume10
Issue1
Pagination26 - 46
Date Published01/2013
ISSN1542-7617
Keywordsintraindividual variability, microlongitudinal, personality, self-regulation, stress
Abstract

Personality traits and daily self-regulation of health goals, social goals, and perceived stress were examined over 100 days to better understand how traits may influence self-regulation. This study was conducted with a sample of 99 older adults via web-based surveys. Results showed that, as predicted, traits of neuroticism, conscientiousness, and extraversion were significantly related to goal progress: those high in neuroticism made less social goal progress and those high in conscientiousness and extraversion made more health and social goal progress over the 100 day period. On days that were perceived as more stressful older adults made less goal progress overall. Health goal and social goal progress were related, although individuals did not always make progress on both goals simultaneously. Stress interacted with neuroticism and conscientiousness, uncovering relationships between goal progress and stressful days that were not evident when examining just direct effects. This study provides empirical evidence for linkages in the six-foci model of personality that are consistent with the idea that trait structures can shape processes.

DOI10.1080/15427609.2013.760258
Short TitleResearch in Human Development