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pin double-heterojunction thin-film solar cell p-layer assessment

Titlepin double-heterojunction thin-film solar cell p-layer assessment
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsSpies, J. A., R. Schafer, J. F. Wager, P. A. Hersh, H. A. S. Platt, D. A. Keszler, G. Schneider, R. Kykyneshi, J. Tate, and X. Liu
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume93
Issue8
Pagination1296 - 1308
Date Published08/2009
ISSN09270248
Keywordsbarium copper tellurium fluoride, cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium diselenide, heterojunction, interface formation, molybdenum diselenide, p-type semiconductor, photovoltaics, Schottky barrier, thin-film solar cells, wide band gap semiconductors
Abstract

The simplest realization of a pin double-heterojunction thin-film solar cell would consist of a lightly doped, moderate-bandgap absorber i-layer; a heavily doped, wide-bandgap n-layer window (cathode); and a heavily doped, wide-bandgap p-layer window (anode) in which the anode and cathode are electrically contacted by at least one transparent conductor. The focus herein is on p-layer interfacial assessment, which is accomplished using modern Schottky barrier and heterojunction theory and is directed to the analysis of p-windows for copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) and cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar cells. A p-type window layer serves as an electron reflector and also aids in the formation of an ohmic anode contact. Ohmic anode contacts are particularly difficult to form in CIGS and CdTe thin-film solar cells since these materials have very large ionization potentials, i.e., IPS ¼ 5:65 (CIGS) and 5.78 V (CdTe) and significant interfacial screening, characterized by extremely small Schottky barrier interface parameters, i.e., S ¼ 0:14 (CIGS) and 0.21 (CdTe). An ideal p-type window material would be heavily doped, p-type, and would have a wide bandgap, a large ionization potential, and a smaller charge neutrality level energy than that of the absorber layer.

DOI10.1016/j.solmat.2009.01.024
Short TitleSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells